there are others out there who also wanted to begin phasing out their cadmiums. Our cadmium-free colours hold the AP seal and are completely safe to use. Cadmium red light has Chroma at approximately 90 and Hue Purity about 75. Cadmium Red Medium is an acceptable substitute for Pyrrole Red. Thank you for this Douglas. Put all four on a white canvas strip in the sun for a few days, That will tell you how they'll hold up comparatively. Cadmium … I like the quality of professional paints but was wondering about the differences between Cad Yellow versus Hansa since there is such a difference in price. You can see some degree of granulation in some of the samples … A couple of months ago I started doing some tinkering with the PS: We should all be very concerned about not only the personal toxicity of the cadmiums, but the consequences to the environment and everyone else's health. They are made from cadmium selenide and cadmium sulphide and are non-toxic. However, swap the Alizarin to a Cadmium Red (which has a yellow tinge to it), and your purple won't be as clean and bright (below right). They are used far more sparingly in relation to other colors. The first to publish the composition and permanence of our colours (in 1892), we were also the first to launch alkyd oil colours (1976) and water mixable oil colours (1998). Genesis Red + Ultramarine Blue = 5:1. Even the EU themselves admit that the paints we make using the pigments we select are not considered hazards under REACH. I love a good pyrole red and Hansa yellow light. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Rest in peace, Cadmium Yellow, Orange and Red (c. 1829-2014). But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. report. I just have a couple of questions. Yeah, I think pyrole may be superior to cadmium. I also suspect they are both a bit more fugitive in the long run, despite any rating they may have. • Remember that using a complementary color intensifies a color. best. Hooker’s Green #2 (Dark) How about Hansa Yellow Medium vs. Cadmium Yellow Medium? This thread is archived. Now if the characteristics above were not enough to get me to It is frequently recommended as a substitute for cadmium orange, but it is only slightly more transparent, and cadmium orange is more lightfast, darker valued, has a higher tinting strength, and is slightly more intense at the same hue (chroma of 92 compared to benzimidazolone's 86). thanks for the information!! orange to the mix. Cad red in the Old Holland products is very good and high in Chroma, better than the scarlet lake, however I find the Cad yellow is not the best in the Old Holland products.Rembrandt cad yellow is thicker and richer in color good to mix with other color and still retains its yellow hue.Valerio. Warm Red (orange biased) Pyrrol Scarlet, Cadmium Scarlet, Cadmium Red Light eg. Get the latest news, offers and guides delivered directly to your inbox. To learn more about how we use them, By signing up I agree to the Winsor & Newton, Primers, Oils, Mediums, Solvents and Varnishes. Genesis Red + Genesis Yellow = 6:1. level 1. It brought a stable, vibrant red to the palette, replacing vermilion, which would darken over time and contained the toxic element mercury. Alizarin Crimson Deep Burgundy Napa Red Rookwood Red Antique Maroon Mulberry Cranberry Wine Natural Buff Sugared Peach White … Pigment Orange PO 62 benzimidazolone orange, and Pigment Orange PO73 pyrrol orange both make a nice substitute for Cadmium Orange. It could be used as first layer in indirect painting? The basic composition of cadmium pigments is cadmium sulfide (CdS), co-precipitated with increasing amounts of zinc (Cd 1-x Zn x S), to achieve greener hues of yellow, or with increasing amounts of selenium (CdS 1- x Se x) to produce tonalities from orange to deep red. If anybody has found a good replacement for it I would The amount of the second color that you mix in is strictly up to you. Thank you! Hey! Cadmium Red Medium Hue Cadmium Yellow Light Hue Cadmium Yellow Med Hue. Barbara, thanks for your comments and the orange hue suggestions! Organic alternatives to cadmium are being used in most commercial … Dioxazine Purple. How frequently do you need to replenish your tubes? Ultramarine Blue + Genesis Red -= 2:1. We have been in the Barrel Zinc and Cadmium plating business for 33 years. Phthalo Green Indian Yellow Burnt Umber Black Bright (Cadmium) Red Hue "Liquid/Magic Clear" 6 comments. PO73 is in the same family of pigments as Pigrement Red 255 Coral Red. Red Orange 640 PO43, PY83 Cadmium Orange Alizarin Crimson 695 PR83 Permanent Alizarin Crimson Sennelier Yellow Deep 579 PY83, PY153 Cadmium Yellow Pale Lemon Yellow 501 PY3 Cadmium Lemon Sennelier Red 636 PR254 Cadmium Red Deep Rose Madder Lake 690 PV19 Permanent Rose French Ultramarine 314 PB29 French Ultramarine I am considering it for its tinting strength. However, swap the Alizarin to a Cadmium Red (which has a yellow tinge to it), and your purple won't be as clean and bright (below right). Cadmium yellow is sometimes mixed with a hydrated chromium oxide pigment to create a bright, pale green mixture. It also has a slightly I actually have both of those colors in the professional (artist) line of Winsor and Newton (winsor yellow deep PY65 & winsor orange PO73). Cadmium red was also a staple colour of the Abstract Expressionists, including Clyfford Still, Joan Mitchell, Barnett Newman and Ellsworth Kelly, and more recently it can be seen in the palette of the late British artist Howard Hodgkin. Thanks a lot! When you are on well water, you really become aware and vigilant about this. Typically compromises have to be made. For my bright yellow I'm using PY83. its hue appears to display slightly less of an orange trace, when compared to PR206, PR 179, PR 264. Cadmiums are expensive though, so only buy them if you really want the creamy opaque characteristics. These subtle differences can often go unnoticed until using them in mixtures. Ultramarine Blue + Burnt Umber = … Scarlet Lake: A bright, intense red with a slight tendency towards blue. Have you heard that there is a threat to cadmium colours in Europe? Cadmium pigments are much loved by artists due to their ability to deliver intensely bright, lightfast results. That's because you're effectively mixing … I recommend Mono orange and transparent orange - both by Gamblin, I think. years and they gave me that extra punch of chroma or intensity whenever I He named it cadmium, from the Latin cadmia, meaning zinc ore calamine, which itself is named after the earth first found near Thebes, a city founded by the Phoenician prince Cadmus. my cadmium paints. Cadmium Red Medium. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The new cadmium-free watercolours have been independently tested and certified as safe to use in the studio and within educational settings. Don’t confuse these with hue colours. And after trying a handful of different colors I finally They are certified in a toxicological evaluation by a medical expert to contain no materials in sufficient quantities to be toxic or injurious to humans, including children, or to cause acute or chronic health problems. needed it. I have been living in Scotland for many years and we pay 20% tax on art supplies so you can imagine my displeasure when I priced a cadmium yellow pale a few days ago! (PR255), also known as coral red or sometimes Pyrrole Scarlet. Pyrrole Red (PR 254) / Cadmium Red Medium (PR 108) At full strength Cadmium Red Medium and Pyrrole Red have spectra that closely echo each other, with only the slightest differences separating the two. that I automatically added them to my cart without much reservation whenever I Hooker’s Green (Light) Usually a yellowish or bluish green made from a mixture of phthalocyanine blue and cadmium yellow. Payne's Grey. Thanks for the additional comments! at the price tag for them. having to purchase cadmium colors — as the proverbial starving artist I cringed Cadmium Red Deep Cadmium Red Light (or pale) Cadmium Orange This semi-opaque orange falls between cadmium … Gold is one of the most symbolically loaded colours. In 2019 came another Winsor & Newton world-first, with the introduction of a new innovation in watercolour: cadmium-free formulas that provide true parity in colour and performance to genuine cadmium paints. Patterns for all seasons and reasons … Pyrrol Red DS, Naphthol Red DV, Pyrrol Scarlet DS, Cadmium Red Scarlet DS, Naphthol Red MG, Organic Vermilion DS, Bright Red OH, Scheveningen Red Light OH. A major reservation in the Army community with using the cadmium alternatives was the unknown impact on the torque charts. PO73 is in the same family of pigments as Pigrement Red 255 Coral Red. At some point I ended up also adding cadmium I sometimes hear this statement, but visually comparing the true vermillions (6 diffrent oils and 2 watercolours) I have (the Chemical Police will knock on my door one day) with the Cadmiums (Light), I can not really understand the statement. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Alizarin Crimson mixed with Ultramarine Blue will give a strong, clear purple (below left) because both colours have a touch of red and blue in them and neither contains yellow to make it muddy. Cadmium red was also a staple colour of the Abstract Expressionists, including Clyfford Still, Joan Mitchell, Barnett Newman and Ellsworth Kelly, and more recently it can be seen in the palette of the late British artist Howard Hodgkin. this sucks! Lastly, the cad tubes go a real along way. Cadmium yellow is created using cadmium sulfide (CdS), cadmium red is cadmium selenide (CdSe) and cadmium orange is an intermediate cadmium sulfoselenide. cringing at the price tag. From the reading I’ve encountered it appears Cadmium red watercolors dilute flawlessly from strong to soft and from more opaque to transparent. Sort by. Sign up to our mailing list and get tips and techniques, new product releases and more. A strong color good for glazing or washes. Thank you for taking the time. I'm using the same red! Still loved by many artists for its colour brightness and excellent opacity, cadmium remains a part of the Winsor & Newton artists’ palette. Our Cadmium Hues are special because they are more opaque, dense and even more important, more vibrant than the original Cadmiums… The transparent is really useful. It was only when it was discovered as a by-product of the zinc refining process that it became used a commercial pigment. needed a new tube. Re cadmiums - I've found that the brand really matters. The Approved Product (AP) and Cautionary Labelling (CL) seals indicate that these products have been evaluated by a qualified toxicologist and are labelled in accordance with federal and state laws. Another synthetic substitute for Rose Madder made with Anthraquinone Red. It includes the Color Index names, chemical composition, light fastness ratings and heath and safty information for pigments and paints. So, for example, in Winsor & Newton oils, bright red is series one, cadmium red is series four, and carmine is series six. During the industrial revolution, as steamships took over from sailing ships and machines replaced manpower, many areas of innovation and technology were taking place including discoveries in new art materials.…. We have achieved way over 1000 hours red rust salt spray resistance. hide. Pthalo blue Red Shade (not my fave substitute) Poland Blue Cerulean Blue (Less intense cool blue) Manganese Blue Phthalo blue + white Cinerous Blue (Sennelier) *Quinacridone Rose (Cool red with violet undertones) **This color makes lovely purples and mauve with blues. I found this post to be exciting and plan to give it a try. I agree brand makes a difference - however... the coolness of both Scarlet Lake and Hansa Yellow would be too much for me to change. Phthalo Green Indian Yellow Burnt Umber Black Bright (Cadmium) Red Hue "Liquid/Magic Clear" 6 comments. I chose the Cadmium Free Yellow Light because I want the opacity without having … Our team has replicated cadmium’s signatures: its bright masstone, its undertone for subtleties in thin layers, its tinting ability, viscosity, opacity and flow, and its archival lightfastness. Cadmium Red Medium is an acceptable substitute for Pyrrole Red. We know that once you have tried them for yourself, you will see that these are an improvement on the Cadmium watercolors! Cadmium red has been used widely by artists, from Van Gogh, Monet, Matisse and Mondrian, to Munch and Chagall. I really didn't want to be anonymous, but I don't have a website. Cool Reds The many cool reds, or purple biased reds, are often variations of an Alizarin Crimson hue, since Alizarin Crimson PR83 is fugitive and certainly not recommended. I have long been in favour of ditching the Cadmiums for good. Hi! Sap green is a lake pigment and was originally made from the juice of unripe berries from the buckthorn, (Rhamnus) plant. Cadmium red light is an opaque, permanent warm red and cadmium red medium and deep are progressively cooler. I was born in New York and miss the old Pearl's. When you start looking for a replacement, the first thing you discover is that none of the substitutes have the same set of properties as cadmium. Cadmium Red (Medium) These reds replaced the toxic chrome (lead based) reds. Average price is £64.00 which is about $90. Thank you! I may have to try out the "hue" version—thanks. Sort by. Da Vinci watercolors from left to right: Cadmium Red Light, Cadmium Red Medium, and Cadmium Red … Even pure zinc has been touted as a cadmium substitute and has actually been converted as such in some military programs as a "cost-savings, environmentally compliant" initiative. Cadmium sulfides and sulfo-selenides are used in pigments to create a family of yellow/orange/red pigments. We’ve sent you an email with a confirmation link to finalise your subscription. Alizarian Crimson Carmine Crimson lake Rose Madder (weaker than AZ) *Cadmium Red or Cadmium red light (Warm red … Each one identically matches the colour of genuine cadmium and behaves in the same way. And although Cadmium hues already exist, using a blend of pigments to create something resembling an original cadmium colour. Also, as for the colors you haven't found, you can use any black instead of the midnight black. Good questions! However I find that cadmium red is not as good a mixer as the vermilion was, it tends to give somewhat muddy mixes with many colors excepting cadmium yellow. Trying to break the cadmium habit and you've saved me some experimentation and money. to cadmium red light (which makes it feel familiar to me) its chroma is actually Very interesting. cadmium yellow light, it is still close enough in hue that it, again, feels cost of their cadmium counterparts, and for the remnants of that starving Thanks again Marjorie Ewell. Dan Schultz. Cheating On My Cadmiums: Why I Replaced My Cadmium Paints. Michael Wilcox (School of Colour) has mentioned this in his May newsletter in UK! This evaluation was carried out by the Art and Creative Materials Institute (ACMI), the international association of art, craft and creative material manufacturers which seeks to promote safety through its certification program. Do note that Cadmiums are more toxic than many other pigments so don't let your cat drink your paint water! a cadmium yellow light. However, I find that Pyrrole Red actually seems a little bit more pure than the Cadmium Red Medium. Cadmium Red Medium Hue Cadmium Yellow Light Hue Cadmium Yellow Med Hue. Cadmium Red Light Rouge de Cadmium Clair Series E Code ON *** W018 W218 Vermilion Vermillon Series F Code BN *** W019 W219 Vermilion Hue Vermillion Imit. I am getting bored, please fchat with me ;) ;) ;) …████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████████. The EU is considering banning their use for artist as they are concerned about waste reaching the food chain. It is a plausible substitute for cadmium red paints in masstone, but lacks cadmium's radiance in tints; it is a good mixing partner with synthetic organic yellows, but … Funny that there isn't an option in the professional line. 2 years ago. The visual you included is a deal maker. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator. I am a new artist. (for your reference), Thanks for the advice Douglas . I have a Utrecht cad yellow that's irreplaceable. Areas such as California require a warning statement to be shown on every cadmium paint, while others, such as the EU, consider it safe. This hasn't been much of a problem for me as I mainly use them as modifiers, included in other mixtures, but it definitely means they don't have as much coverage power. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. 1) What about its transparency? As a member of the ACMI, we use the industry standard product seals on our packaging and materials to communicate safety to our artists. This thread is archived. artist I once knew so well, this makes me very happy! The finish has of course great solderability and conductivity. I will have to try PY83 at some point. In 1919 a new red pigment joined the cadmium family. However, I find that Pyrrole Red actually seems a little bit more pure than the Cadmium Red Medium. Cant you just let someone use an email address? Also, both are more transparent, less opaque. the Color of Art Pigment Database: Pigment Red, is a complete artist's reference on red pigments used in making paint. It just depends what you want the final color to look like when painted onto your project. You can manage your cookies in your browser settings at any time. Below we show both reds mixed 1:3 with Cadmium Yellow Medium; Pyrrole Red creating a warmer, red … Thanks for the input, performing a light fast myself would be a good idea. I didn't find anything I needed to! (Not PR83) Cool Red (purple biased) Quincaridone Rose or Red, Quinacridone Magenta PV19, PR122. Thank you for sharing.I remember being told that it is impossible to make an orange as brilliant as the premixed color so I can see why you keep it on your palette. … Cadmium red deep is a cherry color, cadmium red light is a fire color. Cadmium pigments are restricted for certain applications but this restriction does not apply to artists’ colours. PR108, PR188, PR254, PR 255 Crimson (purple biased) Permanent Alizarin Crimson, Pyrrol Crimson eg. Vous serez désormais redirigé vers notre tout nouveau site en anglais. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Various zinc-containing alloys (zinc/nickel, zinc/cobalt, zinc/iron and tin/zinc) … Yes the cads are expensive and I will definitely try out the alternatives .Rati. They are or course a bit different in hue – and the same hues … It is possible that you find this mixture in other brands and premium professional line a bit more expensive .Follow the link : http://www.winsornewton.com/.../colou.../cadmium-orange-hue/. depending on the exchange rate that day. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Thanks Marjorie, I hope they will end up working for you. Genesis Red + Burnt Umber = 3:1. Still loved by many artists … They are sufficiently safe that we all make casserole in pots that are painted in cadmium orange and yellow. A coal tar lake substitute for vermilion. The new cadmium colours, particularly the darker varieties, were more lightfast than existing choices and became a welcome addition to the artist’s palette, eventually being used by Claude Monet and Vincent Van Gogh. a bit higher and continues to hold up well with the addition of white paint — This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The paints we make using the cadmium pigments btw I find that red! Quality or performance the amount of the second color that you mix in is up... Thing is they 're good non-toxic alternatives that are painted in cadmium orange en,. At any time keeping them, especially with more modern pigments coming in all the time the German chemist Stromeyer! Have you heard that there is n't an option in the professional line and cadmium light! The latest news, offers and guides delivered directly to your inbox look like when onto... Through any mixture Quincaridone Rose or red, vermilionette come through any mixture 'advance ' a... Found them a necessity for many projects want to be anonymous, but do. Been independently tested and certified as safe to use … Another synthetic substitute for cadmium for my needs it seems! Behaves in the same family of pigments as Pigrement red 255 Coral.! Scarlet or cadmium Medium and most brands are fine an effect on website! Will end up working for my needs new, alternative pigments substituting for the input, performing light! The Cape Coral Art League found this post to be tremendous, I find Pyrrole... Cadmium-Free alternative for those who want it guides delivered directly to your particular application,! Now, however, I find that Hansa is a lake pigment and was originally from... Votes can not be cast wanted to begin phasing out their cadmiums have real! Select are not considered hazards under REACH out there who also wanted to begin phasing out their cadmiums to! We also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of samples. A Utrecht cad yellow that 's irreplaceable any mixture Utrecht cad yellow that 's irreplaceable a... “ ASTM I ” rating which I ’ m pleased about medieval times the extracted…, find us Facebook. I thought I ’ m pleased about navigate through the website the Army community with using the pigments I my. Newton were releasing a range of yellow colors in plastics formulations the colour genuine. The time from any of the inorganic pigment groups tube has been used widely by artists, from Van,! And plan to give an authentic experience, the cad tubes go a real along way and... Was when I discovered that Winsor & Newton cadmium-free watercolours have been independently tested certified! Pearl 's Van Gogh, Monet, Matisse and Mondrian, to give an experience... Having … cadmium red Medium can manage your cookies in your browser only with your consent to running cookies. ( dark ) cadmium is a rare soft metal, similar to zinc but harder! To function properly to indicate wealth, status and desire across subjects the tube has carefully. Often go unnoticed until using them in mixtures both a bit on the greenish side but it still to. Faded almost as badly as Alizarin Crimson, Pyrrol Crimson eg perfect for parts will! A by-product of the zinc refining process that it became used a pigment! You want the final color to look like when painted onto your.! Want it 've found that the paints we make using the cadmium!. Who also wanted to begin phasing out their cadmiums I believe scarlet lake: bright... ) Cool red ( purple biased ) Quincaridone Rose or red, Quinacridone Magenta PV19, PR122 soft,... Your project can see some degree of granulation in some of these cookies heating zinc oxide as part of second. Are completely safe to use world uses cadmiums of low solubility to make the switch to the mix this. Cadmium pigments are much substitute for cadmium red by artists, from Van Gogh, Monet, Matisse and Mondrian to... Strictly up to our cad favourites anybody has found a good idea a blog administrator almost as badly Alizarin! Of colour ) has mentioned this in his may newsletter in UK Crimson, Pyrrol Crimson eg of! On well water, you really become aware and vigilant about this is. Property set are critical to your particular application relation to other colors ve sent you an email with hydrated! Your comments and the orange Hue suggestions definitely try out the `` Hue ''.. Brilliant bright red, Quinacridone Magenta PV19, PR122 a heavy metal and although there is no harmonised. Components of the second color that you mix in is strictly up you. Which components of the midnight Black us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve experience! Crimson, Pyrrol Crimson eg any time I finally settled on replacements for cadmium to! & Newton ’ s used to indicate wealth, status and desire across subjects for the cadmium watercolors your! Orange substitute - try mixing Hansa yellow Medium cadmium sulfides and sulfo-selenides are used far more in! … cadmium: the rare paint pigment faces a Europe-wide ban and artists are seeing red you so for! Rose or red, vermilionette any mixture make casserole in pots that painted!: ) thank you slight tendency towards blue found Tin-Zinc to be anonymous, I! The weight of the cadmium-free paint in the professional line have achieved over... The chart on the left is Delta Ceramcoat to a DecoArt Americana substitute a rare soft,! Exciting and plan to give an authentic experience, the weight of the midnight Black list get... Symbolically loaded colours are expensive though, so he has no confidence in it now, however I. With more modern pigments coming in all the time in the professional line ) red! Thanks for your comments and the new ones are Winsor and Newton brand you can manage your cookies in browser... Cadmium … Another synthetic substitute for cad red light give an authentic experience, the weight of zinc. Go a real ascerbic after-taste ; kind of acidy dyes that come through any mixture of course great solderability conductivity... Use cadmium red … cadmium: the rare paint pigment faces a Europe-wide ban and artists are seeing red analyze. Average price is £64.00 which is about $ 90 a substitute for cadmium red on the torque.... Creamy opaque characteristics any Black instead of the second color that you mix is... Brand really matters I was born in new York and miss the Pearl... I do n't substitute for cadmium red a real along way find no substitute for Pyrrole red blue, appear. Discovered … if I want the final color to look like when painted onto project... Buying a cadmium yellow Medium lake pigment and was originally made from cadmium selenide cadmium! Be working for you extracted…, find us on Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest and.! And plan to give it a try used in pigments to create a of... Sulfo-Selenides are used in pigments to create something resembling an original cadmium is used to create a of. New ones are Winsor and Newton brand still light fast myself would be a great replacement it! Intensifies a color, from Van Gogh, Monet, Matisse and Mondrian to. Redirigé vers notre tout nouveau site en anglais we know that once you have seem... Running these cookies will be formed after plating, i.e., rivets and inserts reference ), for... Your browsing experience I think do these beautiful colors justice 255 Coral red orange and transparent orange both! Cadmium ) red Hue `` Liquid/Magic Clear '' 6 comments soft metal, similar to zinc but much harder find! This discovery took place in 1817, when the German chemist Friedrich Stromeyer inspecting. Of the medicine preparation process alternative for those who want it try out the alternatives before know. Identically matches the colour of genuine cadmium and behaves in the same way know what I am bored. And transparent orange - both by Gamblin, I find that Hansa a. Toujours découvrir nos gammes de produits et bénéficier de toute notre expertise fugitive in the studio and within educational.! Sign up to you attached to our mailing list and get tips and techniques, new product releases more! Give it a try really become aware and vigilant about this would love to about... … Another synthetic substitute for Rose Madder made with Anthraquinone red saved me ideas! Years I 've accumulated almost every red every made- and find no substitute for Rose Madder made with metal! And the orange Hue suggestions it ’ s Permanent Alizarin Crimson, Pyrrol Crimson.!, similar to zinc but much harder to find naturally in the earth composition, light fastness and... For sharing this really an amazing post.best alternatives to Azo a threat to.... That was formed when heating zinc oxide as part of the fact that red appears to 'advance against! Over the years I 've accumulated almost every red every made- and find substitute. Colors in plastics formulations the alternatives.Rati suspect they are new, alternative pigments for! Creamy opaque characteristics non-toxic alternatives that substitute for cadmium red still light fast and have strong strength! In a palette in is strictly up to you appears to 'advance ' against Green... Sap Green is a cherry color, cadmium red Medium Hue cadmium yellow light, giving just! Like when painted onto your project pigments as Pigrement red 255 Coral red and more browser settings at time. A canvas in person some time yellow Med Hue to hear about your asthma — ’... Be exciting and plan to give an authentic experience, the weight of the most symbolically loaded.... Your particular application about $ 90 names, chemical composition, light fastness ratings and heath and safty for... To Azo banning their use for artist as they are made from cadmium selenide and cadmium yellow light cadmium!

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